Water can be purified in a number of ways. One of the simplest and safest methods is boiling it. Ideally, you should bring water to a boil and keep it at that level for five to ten minutes. The longer the water is boiled, the purer it will be. Additionally, you can add salt or shake the water to improve its taste.
Another method to purify water is to use household bleach. It is recommended that you use 6 to 8 percent sodium hypochlorite. However, make sure that you do not use color safe bleach or one with added cleaners. You can also filter water through a coffee filter or cloth. However, be careful not to use too much chlorine because this can make water unsafe for drinking.
Solar disinfection is another effective and inexpensive method to purify water. This method requires a clear bottle, sunlight, and water. After a few minutes, strain the water to remove any excess iodine. The water will have a different taste, but it is perfectly safe to drink. You can also use crystal iodine for the same purpose.
Boiling water is another method to purify water. Boiling water reaches 212 degrees Fahrenheit, which is high enough to kill most pathogens. However, this method is inefficient. Therefore, you should only use boiling water when necessary and in a safe environment.