There are several key differences between a confectionery and a bakery. Confectionery uses ingredients that are generally recognized as safe (GRAS). A bakery produces a wide variety of pastries and confections, such as cakes and cookies. Confectionery products are often aerated to add flavor and opacity. The most famous type of aerated confectionery is the marshmallow. This product was first created by the ancient Egyptians from the gummy sap of the marsh mallow plant. The French aeromaniacs refined it in the 1850s.
Confectionery and bakery products are similar in some ways, but their purpose is very different. Confectionery products are generally sweet, while bakery products are often baked. Confectionery is often made from fresh ingredients and can be incredibly high-quality, making it a better place for consumers to shop. The goal of both types of confectionery is to create products that people will enjoy.
Confectionery is divided into two main categories: baker’s confection and sugar confection. Confectionery includes cookies, pastries, cakes, and other baked goods that are primarily flour-based. Other types of confectionery include chewing gum, chocolates, and candy bars.
Sugar confectionery contains a high amount of glucose and sucrose. However, when stored in a high moisture environment, these types of confections will start to degrade due to the effects of water activity. The process is known as glass transition and can render amorphous candies rubber-like or brittle.